Imagine for a moment that you decide to go out for some sun in summer. While walking in the forest, luck smiles on you and you suddenly come across a young cannabis plant. There is a good chance that it contains high doses of cannabigerol. It is a Phyto-cannabinoid which is found naturally in hemp.
Cannabigerol, more commonly known as CBG, degrades when exposed to heat or ultraviolet rays. So, if for some reason you have decided to bring the famous plant home to dry it, it will see its CBG level drop drastically. In return, the enzymes present in the plant will transform cannabigerol into THC, CBD or CBC.
Due to this chemical process, most of the natural varieties of cannabis available on the market contain little CBG. From a therapeutic point of view, this is not a problem because the cannabinoids that result from the breakdown of cannabigerol have powerful medical properties. That said, CBG also offers unique benefits to its consumers.
CBG to the rescue of your eyes
Surprisingly, the consumption of cannabigerol helps combat eye problems such as glaucoma. A 2008 study effectively suggests that this cannabinoid reduces intraocular pressure by interacting with the many receptors of the endocannabinoid system located in the eye.
Cannabigerol: a unique substance
Like many other cannabinoids, CBG blocks the multiplication of cancer cells. More specifically, its consumption slows the progression of colorectal cancer. This was demonstrated by a study carried out on rodents in 2014. Since CBG does not cause psychotropic effects to its users, researchers consider it to be a particularly interesting substance for developing new drugs adapted to the general public.
A natural weapon against superbugs
The problem of bacteria that resist antibiotics is now at the center of medical concerns. That said, CBG gives us hope for the development of new drugs. This is particularly the case against Staphylococcus aureus which resists antibiotics such as methicillin. The authors of a 2008 study also underline the remarkable effectiveness of natural cannabis compounds in combating various bacteria.
Counters pain and anxiety
New research suggests that CBG may be even more effective than CBD in controlling pain. Especially in the case of neuropathic pain. These are generally more difficult to relieve, because they are caused by damage caused directly to the nervous system. In addition, administration of cannabigerol to mice has shown an increase in the production of γ-aminobutyric acid in the brains of the subjects. When this neurotransmitter is not present in sufficient quantity, depression can develop.
Impressive neuroprotective qualities
Mice with Huntington’s disease were exposed to doses of CBG as part of a study conducted in 2015. This condition is inherited in nature. It causes degenerative motor disorders to those who suffer from it. Researchers have come to the conclusion that this cannabinoid slows the disease. It would be very relevant to conduct additional research on the subject. This is due to the preliminary results observed on animals.
In the end, the difficulty with CBG is to find a variety of medical marijuana that contains a sufficiently high rate, because this substance degrades quickly in nature. That said, industrial hemp offers products that contain enough cannabigerol to allow you to benefit from its particular medicinal properties. If you are interested in this cannabinoid, contact us now. One of our specialists can pick out a product that suits you.
Cannabigerolic acid (CBGa)
Mature cannabis plants only contain about 1% of CBGa, but it is not because the plant does not produce a large amount. Maturing plants produce a lot of CBGa, but, for the most part, it has just turned into other cannabinoids. That is why CBGa is usually known as the mother of all cannabinoids.
CBGa becomes many derivative cannabinoids, but, above all, CBD and THC. That is why it is such an important cannabinoid. Without CBGa, there would be neither CBD nor THC. Knowing what factors affect CBGa is what has helped scientists direct the production of cannabinoids, producing strains with a lot of CBD and little THC, or vice versa.
As a cannabinoid, CBGa seems like a promise in medicine. Studies suggest that it could help treat anxiety, pain, glaucoma, gallbladder and bladder problems, inflammation and even cancer. That is why CBGa ranks third in this top 10 of cannabinoids.
Cannabidiolic acid (CBDa)
Although more studies on CBDa are needed, preliminary results from some analyzes have found that it could be very effective in treating nausea, inflammation and psychosis. In addition, some anticancer properties are also attributed to it.
In growing cannabis plants, CBD is present in the form of CBDa. CBD is formed once the plant is cut, dried and heated. CBDa is transformed into CBD through a process known as decarboxylation. Heating or burning cannabis removes the acid from CBDa.
Discovered more than 50 years ago, CBC could not miss in this top 10 cannabinoids because it is considered one of the top six in medical studies. Although it does not receive as much attention as THC or CBD, its benefits are very promising.
CBC has the same origin as THC and the CBD, since all of them originate from the CBGa. CBC is first converted to cannabichromogenic carboxylic acid (CBGa). When exposed to heat or ultraviolet light, it is transformed into CBC. It is a substance that interacts positively with other cannabinoids. Although it offers some important benefits, researchers believe that it acts in synergy with other cannabinoids, leading to the entourage effect.
The benefits of CBC seem to have very significant effects, being useful for the relief of pain and inflammation, the improvement of acne and depression and even to help treat cancer.
CBG is a non-acidic cannabinoid that is produced when heat is applied to CBGa. It is closely related to CBD, THC and CBC. CBG is found mainly in hemp products. Strains created to reach high levels of THC usually contain very low levels of CBG (less than 1%). On the other hand, strains with a lot of CBD also contain higher levels of this cannabinoid.
The benefits that are associated with CBG are associated with the way it acts in the human body. In an appropriate dose, the CBG acts as an antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antidepressant, appetite stimulator, sleep regulator, brain cell stimulant and much more.
Thanks to this wide variety of benefits, CBG can be used to treat various medical problems. Among others, it can help with chronic pain, epilepsy, insomnia, depression, psoriasis, glaucoma, Huntington’s disease or bladder dysfunctions.
Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCa)
Almost everyone has heard of THC. However, THC is not the most complete chemical in cannabis. In fact, marijuana flowers barely contain THC. The majority of THC is present in marijuana as THCa. If you have ever tried cannabis oil, you know that, consumed in this way, the plant does not produce this buzz as well known. This is so because THCa has no psychoactive effects.
How THCa becomes THC
THCa becomes THC when it is heated, such as smoking or vaping. This occurs due to a chemical process known as decarboxylation. THC has a structure similar to THCa, but the latter has a carboxylic acid group that THC does not contain.
Although it seems a minimal difference, it has a great impact on the way that THCa affects the body. The most notable difference is that THCa has no psychoactive effects. Although there have been few studies on the medicinal effects of THCa, it is known to have anti-inflammatory, anti-emetic, anti-cancer and neuroprotective properties. Therefore, I could not miss in this top 10 cannabinoids.
Although it has a name very similar to that of its famous cousin, the CBD, the CBN has unique effects and benefits. The benefits that have been studied so far include pain relief, sleep regulation, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and anticonvulsant properties, and could be used as an appetite stimulant.
The most notable benefits attributed to CBN are its sedative effects. According to medical studies, 5 mg of CBN equals 10 mg of diazepam, a pharmaceutical sedative. For a person who relies on natural medicine to rest better, CBN may be worth trying.
When THC is exposed to oxygen (oxidizes), it becomes CBN. That is why old cannabis or that has been kept in poor storage conditions contains higher levels of CBN. Although there are very few products with CBN, we are sure that in the coming years there will be an increase thanks to the change in society’s attitude towards the cannabis plant.
THCv has a structure similar to THC, but provides different effects. This substance suppresses appetite, can help treat diabetes, has the potential to reduce anxiety attacks, stimulates bone growth and can help treat Alzheimer’s.
THCv also increases energy. It is an important property if we think about the number of health problems directly related to obesity or diabetes. This substance can also reduce, or even block, panic attacks, so it could be effective in treating PTSD and other mental ailments related to stress and anxiety.
CBDv is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid very similar in structure to CBD. Although there have not been many studies on CBDv, one of the properties that attracts the attention of scientists is the anticonvulsant capacity.
According to studies, CBDv has the potential to treat nausea and seizures caused by diseases such as epilepsy.
We hope this article has helped you to get to know some of the most important cannabinoids. As you can see, many of them have medicinal properties that can help relieve pain, improve sleep or treat some forms of epilepsy. We hope that studies of these natural substances will continue to be carried out so that we can take advantage of their therapeutic applications.