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What is CBG and how does it work?

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What is CBG and how does it work?

Everyone is talking about hemp and its products. No wonder, because the cultivation and processing of the plant are now legal. It also offers many potential health effects. Cannabis consists of various ingredients, including CBG. Today, we are addressing what is CBG, how does it work and what is the future of CBG?

The most well-known ingredients in the cannabis plant are THC and CBD. Cannabidiol in particular has become significantly more relevant in recent years. There is an increasing amount of research showing that the cannabinoid helps against a wide range of complaints such as pain, irritable bowel syndrome or PTSD. But lately, we have seen more and more CBG-based products breaking in. Since knowledge of CBG is still limited for many people, we will show you what it is and what medical benefits you might get from using it.


CBG stands for cannabigerol and it is a Phyto-cannabinoid. This means that unlike the endocannabinoids that the human body produces, these cannabinoids come from the cannabis plant.

Cannabigerol is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. It or its acid form CBGA (A stands for acid) is, a “precursor” cannabinoid and the first cannabinoid acid contained in the plant. That is why they are sometimes referred to as “plant stem cells”.

It is so important because only Cannabigerol can produce the precursor of THC-THCA, as well as the precursor of CBD-CBDA.

The acidic cannabinoids split into the non-acidic forms when they dry. This is how the well-known cannabinoids THC or CBD are created. This process is also known as decarboxylation. This process creates many more cannabinoids, which we do not find much relevant in everyday life, although more than 100 are now known. All of this is due to CBG.

In recent years, however, interest in CBG has also grown and that is why some breeders are now experimenting with different strains that contain more of this cannabinoid. Others, on the other hand, are more likely to harvest their plants in order to achieve a higher proportion of CBG. Below we show you what effect CBG has so that you can understand why the breeders cultivate it.

How does CBG work?

Like all other cannabinoids, CBG interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system, also known as ECS.

There are now various studies on the effects of cannabigerol, which we would like to discuss below.

Researchers from the University of Reading in the UK were able to demonstrate in two different animal studies on rats in 2016 and 2017 that CBG is able to increase appetite. This is particularly interesting for people who have problems getting enough food through chemotherapy, for example.

Another research suggests that CBG has a neuroprotective effect.

A 2014 study by the University of Naples showed that CBG has the ability to inhibit the growth of some types of tumors.

Also, in 2014, the specialist magazine “PLoS One” published the results of an investigation. It found that products that contain CBG can suppress the body’s immune response.

Moreover, it is assumed that CBG can inhibit GABA neurotransmission in the brain and has an impact on pain sensation and inflammation. This was also reflected in another study from 2013. The researchers at the Italian University examined the effects of CBGs on inflammatory bowel diseases. As a result, the researchers found that the cannabinoid has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

The future of CBG

In the past, the cannabinoids THC and CBD were the main focus. Therefore, the current knowledge about CBG is still relatively limited. Slowly but surely, scientists are also paying more attention to CBG and we can currently assume that a lot will happen in the near future when it comes to Cannabigerol.

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